Angioma is a neoplasm that is classified by doctors as a benign tumor. This pathology is an accumulation of blood and lymph vessels. Outwardly, most neoplasms resemble moles, and therefore they are popularly called "red moles" or "wine stains." In most cases, angiomas occur during intrauterine development of the fetus, however, sometimes they appear in people of advanced age or may be an external manifestation of a number of diseases.
Types of neoplasms
There are several classifications of angiomas. They are distinguished by the shape, cause of appearance, the composition of the tissue and the type of vessels that provoked the appearance of the problem.
So, in the form of neoplasms, they are divided into pineal, nodular, branched (arachnid) and flat. Pineal angiomas are characterized by a convex shape, they significantly rise above the skin. Nodular angiomas are usually small in size. Outwardly, they resemble small dots of red. Moreover, they lack branches from the capillaries - a characteristic vascular network. It is characteristic of branched (arachnid) angiomas, which externally can really resemble a spider with many legs. Finally, flat angiomas resemble ordinary moles.
Based on the reasons for the appearance, formations are divided into hemangiomas and lymphangiomas. Hemangiomas are a manifestation of the pathology of blood vessels, and the cause of lymphangiomas is a violation in the activity of the lymphatic system. They are diagnosed less often than hemangiomas, and are point formations.
As for hemangiomas, they are divided into capillary, which are bluish-crimson or bright red spots, as well as cavernous (cavernous) and punctate. Cavernous hemangiomas can acquire very significant sizes. These are soft tubercles that change shape when pressed. As a rule, they occur on the skin of the face, in the groin, in the axillary region. Point hemangiomas are characterized by miniature size, and outwardly resemble tiny red dots, similar to the injection mark.
Reasons for the appearance
As for the causes of angiomas, the doctors have not yet come to a consensus on why they arise. Most often, their occurrence is attributed to a genetic predisposition, manifested in the development of vascular disorders - both lymphatic and blood. It is curious that in women this problem is diagnosed more often than in men.
Some doctors believe that congenital angiomas appear in a child due to the fact that his mother suffered from infectious diseases during pregnancy. As for the neoplasms that appear in elderly people, they can indicate changes in blood vessels and a violation of blood coagulation.
In addition, angiomas are often a manifestation of a number of malfunctions in the functioning of internal organs: for example, the pancreas and liver, as well as the kidneys. Experts note that the risk of red moles is increasing in people who abuse tanning beds and are too fond of sunbathing.
Regarding whether angiomas should be removed, doctors also do not have a single opinion. Most often, cavernous formations are removed, because, due to their solid size, they are highly likely to be injured. Branching tumors are removed if they are located on the face or other visible areas of the skin and are a serious aesthetic problem.
Angioma Removal Methods
To date, there are several methods for removing this skin pathology. They allow you to cope with both single angiomas and their group clusters. Many methods of removing pathology are multi-stage procedures, the purpose of which is to completely remove the neoplasm and restore the normal activity of the vascular and lymphatic system:
- Cryotherapy involves the burning of tumors using low temperatures - in other words, cold. Liquid nitrogen is used as a refrigerant. The main advantage of this technique is the fact that it prevents the occurrence of bleeding at the site of angioma removal. Cryotherapy is used to eliminate pathologies of small sizes.
- In order to remove cavernous angioma, sclerotherapy can be used. The essence of this method is that the doctor uses special iodine salts, with which it is possible to normalize the passage section of blood vessels, as a result of which the blood flow returns to normal. The substance is injected. This method of removal is used if the neoplasm is located in a place that impedes large-scale surgical interventions. The disadvantage of the procedure is its pain.
- Electrocoagulation - cauterization of neoplasms by electric current. Previously, this method was the most common, but now this method is used much less often due to the fact that it is painful and often causes the appearance of colloidal scars. Moreover, this procedure is simple and cheap, and also allows you to remove the formation of a fairly large size. Often this procedure is performed under local anesthesia.
- Laser removal. This method is now considered the most effective and least traumatic for the patient. The essence of the technique is that the mutated tissue is removed in layers, as a result of which the laser can be used to remove any formations, regardless of their depth. The procedure takes place in several stages - the tissues are excised until the mutated cells are completely removed. Manipulations are performed under local anesthesia - either after an injection of an anesthetic drug, or after processing the problem area with an anesthetic gel. After the procedure is completed, a wound appears on the site of the former angioma, which is delayed after one to three weeks.
- In the event that all the above methods are regarded by experts as unpromising in this particular case, the tumor is excised using a surgical scalpel. This procedure is carried out exclusively in a hospital. Since scars form after the removal of neoplasms by this method, only small moles that are located on skin areas hidden from prying eyes are removed in this way. Neoplasms on the face or in open areas with a scalpel are not excised.
- Finally, one of the most progressive methods for removing angiomas is the use of gamma or cyberknives. Due to the complexity, this method is not too common. Thanks to an innovative technique, it is possible not only to completely remove the neoplasm, but also to avoid the appearance of scars. The device as if “seals” the vessels that feed the angioma, as a result of which the neoplasm simply dies. Unfortunately, the procedure is very expensive due to the fact that the equipment necessary for its implementation is not present in every medical institution.
The final conclusion as to which method to use in order to remove the angioma is accepted by the dermatocosmetologist after a thorough visual examination of the patient. Most often, either sclerotherapy or laser removal of the neoplasm is prescribed.
Alternative methods for removing angiomas also exist, but medical advice is needed before using them.
Benefits of Laser Removal
As noted above, today laser removal is one of the most effective methods of combating angiomas. So, the laser allows you to remove even arachnoid formations of large diameter. In this case, however, the patient should tune in to the fact that the effect will not be instantaneous - a number of procedures will be required.
If we talk about the advantages of laser treatment, then this is, first of all, minimal injuries and the fact that damage to healthy tissues is minimized. In addition, this procedure is not very painful, and for patients with a low pain threshold, local anesthesia is allowed. The number of complications and relapses after laser treatment of angiomas is minimal, so this method is highly effective. If we talk about the aesthetic aspect, then the tiny scar that forms after the procedure, independently resolves over time.
How to behave after angioma removal
Removal of angioma is an operative measure, and therefore, after it, the patient goes through a recovery period. The fastest rehabilitation is if the laser was used to remove the neoplasm. In this case, the regeneration of skin cells takes little time.
Regardless of which specific removal method was used in each particular case, the patient receives recommendations on how to behave in the near future (within five to seven days).
First of all, the site of angioma removal should be protected from getting wet. Despite the fact that the wound may itch, it should never be combed. It is also forbidden to independently tear off the crust formed on the site of the wound - with time it will come off. Finally, doctors recommend that after removal of the angioma, refrain from prolonged exposure to the sun.
Removing angiomas at home
Sometimes patients, especially the elderly, are afraid to go to the clinic and try to get rid of the neoplasm at home. Alas, no pills or injections that would help get rid of angioma in the blink of an eye do not exist yet. Exclusively if, for medical reasons, surgical removal of the pathology cannot be carried out, the doctor may prescribe hormonal drugs to treat angioma. These drugs block the growth of tumors and contribute to the drying of the pathological formation.
Most often, in a similar situation, doctors prescribe prednisone or its analogues. The dosage is calculated based on the patient’s height and weight, and is gradually reduced. The schedule for taking the drug is the attending physician. He must carefully monitor the patient's condition.
A contraindication for the medical treatment of angioma is intolerance to prednisolone.
Sometimes, together with prednisone, doctors prescribe drugs that are designed to slow down the process of pathological cell division and the growth of connective tissue. Their names can be found on the Internet. However, it is worth remembering that it is unacceptable to "prescribe" such drugs on your own, since they can cause malfunctions in the organs and systems of the body.
Removal of angiomas by traditional medicine methods
Traditional medicine offers several recipes that are designed to help in the fight against angiomas. However, it should be remembered that the treatment of this pathology with alternative methods can solve only the "external" problem, and it will not be possible to eliminate the cause of the disease.
Also, if you still decide to try alternative methods to remove angiomas, be sure to consult a specialist in advance.
So, to remove angiomas, you can use Kombucha. Compresses from pieces of zoogley should be applied to the affected area. Change lotion should be once a day.
To remove angiomas at home, you can also use herbal collection. To prepare it, you will need the following ingredients: 100 g of pine buds, the same number of rosehip berries and stems and yarrow leaves, 200 g of birch mushroom and 5 g of dry raw wormwood. Grind the ingredients, mix and fill with three liters of boiling water. Allow the mixture to boil and hold over very low heat for two hours. After this, the liquid should be infused for a day. Filter, add a glass of aloe juice, the same amount of cognac and 0.5 liters of honey.
Stir and let it brew for four hours. After that, take the mixture three times a day before meals in a tablespoon. The duration of the course is a month, after which it is necessary to take a break for a week and take the drug for another month. Then rest a week and spend another month of treatment. It is believed that this tool normalizes the activity of the vascular and lymphatic systems, as a result of which the angioma can disappear.
Affected areas can also be wiped with tincture of Kalanchoe leaves. Prepare it from the crushed leaves of the plant. They are poured with warm water until a thick slurry is formed, and then put for a week in a dark place. For seven days, the medicine is periodically shaken. After a week, strain the composition and begin to wipe the angiomas.
Finally, celandine-based preparations can be used to treat angiomas. Liquid must be used to lubricate affected areas. Please note that the juice of this plant is a powerful toxin, and therefore, before using it, you need to consult a doctor. Apply drugs exclusively to mutated tissue, avoiding contact with healthy skin. The duration of the course is determined by the doctor - as a rule, with good tolerance, treatment continues until the angioma completely disappears.