Vitamins play a major role in normalizing the functioning of the human body. Their shortage, as well as an overabundance, entail serious unpleasant consequences for health, but it is impossible to live without them.
But this applies to natural vitamins, and what about artificially synthesized? One of the representatives of synthetic vitamins is delta-tocopherol - a synthetically derived vitamin E. In the European classifier of additives, it has the index E309. But what does he carry for the human body? Is it as useful as its natural counterpart? What are the dangerous consequences of its use?
Brief description of synthetic additives
Delta-tocopherol is a food supplement that belongs to the group of preservatives and has powerful antioxidant properties.
Other names are: synthetic delta-tocopherol, Synthetic Delta-tocopherol, δ-tocopherol, E309.
This substance significantly slows down lipid oxidation processes in the human body, which to a high degree prevents the formation of free radicals, and therefore maintains the integrity of the cells of the body.
An oily liquid of a yellowish or reddish-yellow hue, which darkens when interacting with air, is such a food supplement. It is highly soluble in alcoholic and oily liquids, and absolutely insoluble in water.
It is produced in the process of synthesizing natural vitamin E or vegetable oil using chemical compounds. That is why the food supplement E309 does not have absolutely all useful qualities, as its natural analogue - tocopherol, labeled E306.
Although this synthetic substance is considered harmless, many countries of the world community nevertheless prohibit its use in the food industry, due to its further study and insufficient research evidence.
The benefits and harms of synthetic vitamin E
Natural tocopherol is found in various plants: sprouted wheat, cotton seeds, as well as in soybean oil. Once in the human body, this substance positively affects the course of various processes, which contributes to its healing and rejuvenation.
A synthetic additive, in turn, also strengthens the protective properties of the body, enhances immunity, improves the functioning of internal organs and systems. It is especially important to use foods rich in vitamin E for those people who live in adverse environmental conditions, in areas with poor ecology, as well as those whose work is associated with harmful production.
Based on studies conducted to date, it can be concluded that synthetic delta-tocopherol does not pose any danger to human health. But its lack largely affects the body:
- various pathologies and chronic diseases develop;
- immunity decreases and the body's natural defense weakens;
- significantly reduced sexual desire;
- infertility in women develops;
- blood cells are damaged.
The use of food additives E309 in various industries
Artificial delta-tocopherol has gained the greatest value in the food industry. It shows its remarkable properties in the production of the following products:
- canned meat and convenience foods, where it is used as a preservative;
- spreads, margarines and other products with a high fat content;
- mayonnaise, where it is used as an emulsifier;
- vegetable oil, where it has established itself as an excellent antioxidant;
- bakery products;
- potato products;
- breakfast cereals and milk formula;
- carotene dyes.
Synthetic vitamin E is also used in the cosmetology industry, where its antioxidant properties are especially valuable.
The synthetic analogue of vitamin E, although it does not entail a threat to human health, but also does not have many useful properties characteristic of natural delta-tocopherol. However, it is very successful in the food industry, where it is used as an emulsifier and preservative, as well as in the manufacture of cosmetics, where its antioxidant properties are most valuable.