E350 food supplement is nothing but sodium malate, that is, sodium salts of malonic (or malic) acid. Sodium malates are used in the food sector as an excellent regulator of food acidity.
According to its physical characteristics, E350 food additive is a white, tasteless crystalline powder that does not have a pronounced odor. Malates of sodium are highly soluble in water, but completely insoluble in ethyl alcohol.
Preparation and use of food supplements
The main sources of sodium salts of malic acid in the natural environment are raspberries, fruits of chokeberry, apples.
In all these fruits there is malic acid, which is the most important intermediate in the process of metabolism of the human body.
Get food supplement E350 from DL-malic acids and ammonia. At the same time, such impurities as maleic acid and fumarites dangerous for humans are formed. The chemical scientific designation of sodium malates is sodium salts of 2-hydroxybutanedioic acid.
The properties of E350 antioxidant make it in the food industry a moisture-holding agent and an acidity regulator that can prolong the shelf life of many products, but which, nevertheless, is practically not used in practice.
Theoretically, sodium malates are quite capable of replacing citrates as salts of the swimming or buffering type, and sodium calcium malates are much more suitable as calcium blockers than the same citrates, gluconates, or tartrates.
Malata sodium as acidity regulators are used only in the manufacture of various jams, canned fruit, marmalade of citrus fruits and jelly.
This antioxidant is able to maintain the acid-base or pH balance of the above products at the level of 2.8-3.5.
E350 can also be used in the production of cheese, milk-based beverages, canned fish, dried fruits and vegetables, and alcohol.
Effect on the human body
Despite the fact that now in many countries malate sodium can be used as a food additive, experts continue to investigate the effects of E350 on the human body for its destructive effects and negative health effects.
According to the latest scientific research and laboratory experiments, scientists rank sodium malate as conditionally safe food additives. However, there have been cases in the world where the antioxidant E350 adversely affected people's health, as a result of which this supplement became banned in such states as the USA, Canada, Ukraine and Russia.
The ability to damage the health of a living organism lies in the chemical composition of the compound, since fumarite and maleic acid released during the production of the antioxidant E350 are harmful to humans. However, according to the "Codex Alimentarius" or international food standards, the use of E350 antioxidant is allowed in some strictly defined types of food.