The time has passed when the assortment of milk in stores consisted only of whole or nonfat products. Today you can buy a variety of options: from cow and goat to almond and coconut milk. But there is a product in this rich assortment that attracts special attention. This is camel milk.
What is camel milk?
Camel milk is a white milk product made by camels. An animal gives about 5 l of product per day. By the way, a camel is milked only in the presence of her baby, otherwise the animal may not give milk. This drink is the main type of dairy products in many cultures of the Middle East, Asia and North Africa.
If we compare the camel product with other types of milk, then it most resembles a cow, although it is much sweeter, cleaner and healthier (if only because camels are grazed far from industrial areas). Unlike goat, it does not have a pronounced earthy or grassy flavor. In addition, it deteriorates much more slowly, because it contains the natural antibiotic lactoferrin.
Another characteristic feature that makes it easy to recognize camel milk is that it will foam very much when transfused.
And although this exotic drink was on sale relatively recently, it would be incorrect to call it a new product. Historians say that nomadic tribes consumed camel milk 5,000 years ago. In those ancient times, the drink, for obvious reasons, was available only to residents of North Africa and the Middle East. Today, the geography of product availability has expanded significantly. Every year the number of admirers of exotic only grows. Many argue that this type of milk is much healthier than others.
But in order to understand whether this is true, we need to get to know him better.
Chemical composition and nutritional value
The proportions of proteins and carbohydrates in camel milk are almost similar to those in cow's milk, but it contains much less calories and saturated fats. A glass of camel milk is 110 kcal and 4.5 g of fat, while in a similar portion of cow's milk there are 10 kcal and 8 g of fat.
This may seem surprising, but with its chemical composition, milk of camels is significantly different from other more familiar varieties of the product. The most noticeable difference is in the structure of proteins. Scientists counted more than two hundred of them in the composition of camel milk. But camel milk does not contain casein and lactoglobulin, which often cause allergic reactions. More specifically, the camel product does not contain A1 casein, which is usually found in cow's milk and is an allergen, as well as A2 casein, which is present in the goat product. Instead, camel milk contains a safer option - A2 beta casein. In addition, in this drink, scientists found a group of proteins with antiviral, antifungal and antibacterial properties.
Another significant difference between desert milk is its incredibly low fat content. The fat content of the camel product usually does not exceed 2-3%. In addition, the special structure of the omega-3 fatty acids contained in it allows you to freeze and thaw camel milk without changing its consistency without fear that it will clot, as is often the case with cow.
Numerous studies indicate that camels produce milk that is unique in composition and structure. In this product, scientists have found a huge number of immunoglobulins, powerful immunostimulating substances. It is interesting that the immunoglobulins contained in camel milk are noticeably smaller than the substances contained in the human body. For this reason, immunostimulants from a camel product can easily penetrate the tissues of human organisms. It is these substances in the scientific world that are considered effective protection against autoimmune diseases. And some researchers suggest that camel product immunostimulants are useful in treating childhood autism. Although in fairness it must be said that there is no consensus in the scientific community on this subject yet. Another amazing component of this product is insulin-like substances. And there are a lot of these components in the milk of camels. Therefore, it is among the beneficial for people with diabetes.
As it turned out, camel milk has a higher nutritional value than other types of milk. It is rich in minerals, unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins. Compared to cow, this product contains almost 10 times more iron and about 3 times more ascorbic acid. In addition to these components, camel milk is rich in a complex of vitamins B, A, D, E, K, as well as many minerals.
As a result, comparing the chemical composition and characteristics of camel milk with other dairy products, the researchers concluded that the desert drink is more like breast milk than cow. For this reason, it, unlike the cow, is much more useful and safer for infants.
|Calorie content||45.8 kcal|
|Vitamin A||83.4 IU|
|Vitamin C||3 mg|
|Vitamin D||10 IU|
|Vitamin E||0.1 mg|
|Vitamin K||0.4 mcg|
|Vitamin B1||0.4 mg|
|Vitamin B2||0.1 mg|
|Vitamin B3||0.7 mg|
|Vitamin B5||0.3 mg|
|Vitamin B9||4 mcg|
|Vitamin B12||0.2 mcg|
In the countries of the Middle East, camel milk is consumed not only to satisfy hunger and thirst, but also as a natural medicine. Many of the useful properties of this product have already found their scientific confirmation.
This type of milk contains many probiotics. The state of intestinal microflora directly depends on these substances. Although shubat is considered even more beneficial for the digestive system - kefir from camel milk. Such a drink is several times superior to other varieties of kefir and natural yogurt. In addition, this milk is incredibly beneficial for the liver. It is good to use for people with inflammatory processes in the liver and for hepatitis B.
Benefits for Diabetics
Numerous experiments show that camel milk improves the condition of patients with type 2 diabetes. In particular, people who use this product have reduced insulin resistance. The use of this type of milk, unlike others, does not raise blood sugar levels above normal. According to Indian researchers, patients with type 1 diabetes also benefit from this product. In particular, people who regularly consume a milk drink (approximately 500 ml per day) need less insulin, and the glucose level in their blood lasts longer than normal. And some participants in scientific experience, after the introduction of camel milk into the diet, completely got rid of the need to take insulin.
Protects against cancer
Camel milk kills cancer cells. The researchers made such a loud statement back in 2012. The results of laboratory experiments showed that this product induces the death of cancer cells such as HepG2 (cause liver cancer) and MCF7 (provoke breast cancer).
Effects on the cardiovascular system
The product contains unsaturated fatty acids (most of all oleic), due to which milk acquires some of the beneficial properties inherent in olive oil. A unique set of fatty acids in the drink is good for the heart, blood vessels and helps maintain healthy blood cholesterol. Due to the presence of iron in the composition, this milk is useful to drink to prevent anemia. It improves blood circulation and enhances the supply of organs with oxygen.
Strengthens the immune system
It has already been said that camel milk contains immunomodulatory substances. Thanks to them, a camel product is very useful for people with weakened immunity. If you regularly drink this milk drink, you can protect yourself from infectious diseases.
Prevents autoimmune diseases
Autoimmune diseases occur when the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells. The traditional treatment system in such cases involves the use of immunosuppressive drugs that have serious side effects. The milk of camels contains tiny immunoglobulins that penetrate the body and improve the functioning of the immune system, targeting it only to cells that are dangerous to humans. The Israeli professor of physiology, Dr. Reuven Yagil, who is recognized worldwide as one of the experts in the use of camel milk for therapeutic purposes, claims to have observed cases when, against the background of the consumption of camel milk, the reverse processes in the development of autoimmune diseases started.
Useful for people with allergies.
This is one of the most famous benefits of camel milk. Due to its unique composition, this product is suitable for people with lactose intolerance, as well as suffering from other types of allergies. And all because in this milk there is no casein and lactoglobulin, which, in fact, are the causes of allergic reactions. In addition, this milk drink will not only prevent allergies, but also protect against relapses. In 2005, Israeli scientists conducted a study involving children with allergies. It turned out that against the background of the use of camel milk, the condition of the children improved markedly. Moreover, in some cases, a camel product was more effective than medications.
In the composition of the drink, scientists found gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which is an important neurotransmitter for the brain. It is known that this substance helps the body naturally get rid of anxiety. Studies have shown that, in comparison with cow's product, GABA is more abundant in camel milk, moreover in a more bioavailable form for humans.
Conclusion: to improve mood and during periods of stress, it is useful to drink camel milk.
Use in cosmetology
Some manufacturers of natural cosmetics add camel milk to their products, including anti-aging ones. It is believed that camel milk enriches the skin with useful components, makes it soft and smooth. External use of milk of camels will relieve peeling, relieve itching. Masks based on this product have antibacterial properties, therefore they are useful for the treatment of acne, eczema and psoriasis.
Possible harm and side effects
Many connoisseurs of camel milk say that its only drawback is its high cost (it is almost 50 times more expensive than cow's milk). The high cost is due to the difficulties in collecting this exotic product. The benefits and harms of camel milk remain the subject of research by researchers around the world. So far, scientists have not been able to find any dangers associated with the use of this product.
Use in traditional medicine
This milk drink is used in traditional medicine of different countries. In India, for example, it is considered useful for jaundice, anemia and dropsy. Residents of the southern regions of Russia know the milk of camels as a medicine against tuberculosis and some other pulmonary diseases. By the way, from time immemorial the Bedouins have used not only milk, but also the urine of camels for medicinal purposes.
In countries where camel milk is not in short supply, it is often used in cooking. It is suitable for desserts, cocktails, pastries, creams and other sweets are prepared from it, added to coffee. In the Middle East, puddings are traditionally made from camel's milk, and Bedouins turn fresh milk into kefir, cheese and butter, however, production technologies differ significantly from the production of sour-milk products of cow origin. But still, camel milk chocolate, considered one of the most expensive treats, is considered the most exquisite dessert.
Camel milk is a unique product in its composition and properties. With many diseases, it can become a real salvation. And how much more we still do not know about this amazing drink! Probably, scientists have yet to make many discoveries about the benefits of camel milk.