Fruits

Durian

“To eat a durian for the first time means to get a completely unexplored sensation. But for this, really, it’s worth going to the East!” Mayne Reid.

This exotic fruit is very popular not only among the natives of the countries of Malaysia and Thailand, where it grows, but also among many travelers who have visited these countries. Impressions from him are so different that one thing is certain: to understand what kind of wonder it is, you need to try it. Malaysians and Thais, the main consumers of durian, called him the "king of fruits." And the tourists who first tasted the fruit remain at a loss: why was he crowned? Let's try to figure it out.

General information

Durian is a tropical evergreen tree of the family malvaceae. Its most common variety is Durian Cibetinovy. These are very tall trees. They can reach a height of 50 meters. The leaves of the plant are dense, leathery, oblong, and the flowers are large, with a fragrant sour aroma. This smell attracts bats that feed on and pollinate fruit nectar and pollen.

The fruits resemble large balls of green. Their surface is densely strewn with very hard spikes. Their shell is very hard, it does not break or flatten, even falling from the enormous height of this tree. If you look at the peel, you can see that the fetus is divided into five segments. Their lines are barely marked on the fruit. Inside a thick spiky shell contains a gentle juicy pulp of creamy, sometimes yellowish-pink color. Its fruits are very heavy and upon ripening they simply fall to the ground and can injure an accidental passerby. They ripen from May to August. Many connoisseurs of this exotic claim that the most delicious representatives ripen in Thailand.

The taste and smell of durian is very difficult to convey in words. He is known mainly for his terrible aroma, which reminds someone of rotten onions or cheese, someone compares it with the smell of rotten eggs or sewers. But in the book of Mine Read, his aroma is described as "the smell of cream cheese and onion sauce, black sherry and many other things." Be that as it may, because of its specific and corrosive flavor in many countries of Southeast Asia, there are rules prohibiting the bringing of this fruit with you to vehicles and supermarkets. There was a case when, due to the fruit brought into the cabin, the flight had to be postponed.

But the taste of the fruit is praised by everyone. Someone reminds him of strawberries with nuts, some cream ice cream, some cherry syrup or almond cream with cream cheese. But all who have tried it, agree that in his taste there is a subtle onion note. Different varieties of durian differ in smell and taste. By the way, it was precisely because of his unique taste that the Malays nicknamed him the "king of fruits."

This exotic crowned fruit is widely distributed in Malaysia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Thailand, India and the Philippines. It is also cultivated in Africa and Brazil. Trees grow in humid tropical climates, mainly in the rain forests of Malaysia and Thailand.

A bit of history

The name of the fruit comes from the Malaysian word "duri" - spine, spike. In different languages ​​it sounds with its own characteristics. For example, in Thailand it is pronounced like Tu-rien. In the English version - civet-cat tree, civet fruit.

There are many legends about this exotic fruit. One of them tells about the appearance of its specific smell. Once, an old loving king saw a beautiful young woman and could not resist her beauty. He dreamed about her for days and nights, but she paid no attention to the old man. Desperate and exhausted, he turned for help to the skilled magician who lived in those parts. The sorcerer reassured the monarch and handed him a hitherto unprecedented fruit, with the help of which a beautiful heartbreaker would fall into his arms. The king suggested that the beauty taste delicious delicious delicacies. The girl could not resist and, having tried it, she no longer resisted the insidious villain. The king completely took control of her. But completely surrendering to his feelings, he completely forgot about the sorcerer. He was angry with the ungrateful monarch and cursed the outlandish fruit of love. When the king again decided to present this delicacy to his beloved, a surprise awaited him: instead of ordinary fruits, huge spiny balls hanging from the stench hung on a tree. The monarch, overwhelmed with rage, threw the fruit on the ground. The shell cracked, and inside it turned out to be the same exquisite delicacy that helped to seduce the impregnable beauty.

Chemical composition

This fruit contains organic sulfur. The combination of it and the chemical compound indole awards durian with such a specific sweet and putrid aroma.

Table No. 1 "Nutritional value"
Water64.9 g
Squirrels1.49 g
Fats5.32 g
Carbohydrates23.2 g
Cellulose3.8 g
Ash1.09 g
Table No. 2 "Chemical composition"
Beta Carotene (Vitamin A)22.9 mcg
Thiamine (Vitamin B1)0.373 mg
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)0.19 mcg
Niacin (Vitamin B3)1,073 mg
Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)0.22 mg
Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6)0.315 mg
Folic Acid (Vitamin B9)35.99 mcg
Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)19.69 mg
Table No. 3 "Minerals and trace elements"
Potassium435 mg
Calcium5.99 mg
Sodium1.99 mg
Magnesium29.99 mg
Phosphorus38 mg
Iron0.42 mg
Manganese324 mcg
Copper206.9 mcg
Zinc0.27 mg

The energy value of durian is approximately 147 kcal.

The beneficial properties of durian

Indole, which is part of the fruit, is a powerful antibacterial agent, so eating it is extremely beneficial for sick people and animals.

Thanks to organic sulfur, which is part of durian, it is able to remove toxins and toxins from the body, normalize blood sugar balance, fight wrinkles and have beneficial effects on hair, nails and skin.

Durian bark is actively used in the household. It is used for smoking fish and bleaching silk. Wood is used for building mast ships, as well as for house building.

If you regularly consume this fruit, you can clear the airways and lungs, which will certainly come in handy for those who quit smoking. Using it positively affects the nervous system, improves immunity and contributes to the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system.

Durian is a strong aphrodisiac. It stimulates sexual desire, enhances the sexual function of the body. This fruit increases potency. The Malays even came up with a saying about this feature of the fruit: "When the durian falls, the sarongs rise." Sarongs are called national men's skirts.

Cooking use

This fruit is certainly used in the field of cooking. All kinds of sauces, seasonings are prepared from it. Such sweet goodies as jam and ice cream also can not do without it. Durian is used to make exotic Thai desserts. And in Malaysia they are preparing such a national treat as a dodol. Often, dried fruits are made from it, suitable for long-term storage.

Durian Recipes

These dishes are suitable for true gourmets, since the original smell of this fruit does not disappear during cooking.

Durian dodol

For this exotic dish you will need:

  • rice - 1 cup;
  • egg - 2 pcs;
  • sugar - 0.5 cups;
  • coconuts - 3 pcs;
  • durian pulp - 250 g.

Cook rice and grind into sticky paste. Collect coconut milk and pour into the resulting mixture. Durian also grind and add eggs. Mix everything and send to the preheated oven. Cook at 180 degrees.

Peppermint sauce

For cooking you need:

  • fresh mint - 1 bunch;
  • durian pulp - 300 g;
  • coconut milk - 1 tablespoon;
  • sugar - 1 tablespoon;
  • salt.

Beat all ingredients with a blender and freeze in a freezer. It is customary to use this sweet mass in Thailand as a seasoning for rice. Although it can make great ice cream.

Durian tubes

For the recipe you will need:

  • flour - 2 glasses;
  • water - 150 g;
  • coconut milk - 4 tablespoons;
  • durian pulp - 250 g;
  • Coconut sugar
  • vegetable oil (preferably coconut);
  • powdered sugar.

This is a kind of pancakes that are often fried and sold on Thai streets. A kind of fast food. Mix the ingredients in a batter and fry in coconut oil. Durian grind and grease them received cakes. Roll oiled pancakes into beautiful tubes.

Use in traditional medicine

Help with constipation

Fiber, which is part of the fruit, helps to improve digestive processes. It absorbs water during movement in the body - swells, improves the contraction of the intestinal walls, which prevents the formation of constipation. It is a powerful prophylactic and prevents the risk of cancer.

Strengthens the nervous system

The high content of B vitamins in this exotic fruit is very valuable for the restoration of nerve endings. Regular use of durian relieves depression and stress, helps to resist panic attacks and panic attacks.

Skin, bones, teeth

The high content of vitamin C has a positive effect on collagen production. This prevents the aging of the skin, increases its protective function. It is also good for bones and tendons. Potassium and calcium nourish the body healthy, saturating its bone tissue, thereby making them stronger. In addition, phosphorus is present in durian, which has a beneficial effect on the health of teeth and gums.

Against diabetes

Due to the manganese that is part of the fruit, processes are taking place that can normalize blood sugar levels, thereby preventing the possibility of diabetes.

For thyroid gland

In addition to manganese, which has a very beneficial effect on the endocrine system, durian contains a significant part of copper. Which is necessary for the natural functioning of the thyroid gland.

How to choose and store

Durian is stored at room temperature for no more than 5 days. It should be located separately from other fruits. And if you put it in the refrigerator, then everything contained in it is saturated with the intrusive smell of fruit. It is best to eat durian immediately after purchase. It is advisable to buy it in the season, because in the off-season often spoiled foods are found. Overripe fruits have a stronger "aroma" and softness. Unripe durian, on the contrary, is very hard. Therefore, when buying, you can put pressure on the fruit, thereby determining the degree of maturity. Also worth a look at the thorns. If they move slightly - this fruit is what you need.

Harmful and dangerous properties

This fruit is contraindicated to use along with alcoholic beverages, since the enzymes contained in its composition can cause a negative reaction of the body and lead to severe poisoning and significant complications subsequently. Durian is not recommended for pregnant women and nursing mothers. It is strictly forbidden to use it for people suffering from high blood pressure. During the consumption of durian fruits, an increase in temperature is possible, therefore it is often called a "hot fruit".

Findings

Durian became famous for its specific aroma and exquisite taste. Residents of Southeast Asia call him the "king of fruits" and consider him one of the most delicious dishes in the world. This exotic delicacy contains a lot of useful minerals and vitamins, as well as a large amount of biological sulfur. Thanks to this, it is in great demand in traditional medicine and cosmetology. Its use in food is the prevention of various diseases, positively affects the internal organs and body systems. It contributes to the normalization of the cardiovascular, nervous, immune system, improves digestion and thyroid function. Often used in Thai cuisine to prepare national dishes and exotic desserts. But it is worth remembering that this fruit can not be used categorically for hypertension and mixed with drinking alcoholic beverages. It is worth going to Thailand, if only to get to know this king of fruits more closely, and after that make your own conclusions.

Watch the video: 100 People Try Durian. Keep It 100. Cut (November 2019).

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