"Everything is poison, and nothing is devoid of toxicity; only one dose makes the poison invisible." Paracelsus.
According to ancient legends, the grass collected on Ivan Kupala (preferably on the full moon) possessed special healing and magical properties. In ancient Greece and Egypt, our ancestors sacredly believed that it could cast out demons and demons, therefore often avran was used to cleanse various places from evil spirits and evil spirits. Dried grass was hung in houses for protection against the plague and other terrible ailments, an infusion of grass was sprayed on the premises, using as holy water, against otherworldly forces. Carried with them as a talisman against damage and the evil eye. Since ancient times, Avran was famous as a protector and silent healer. Its role is important in our time.
Grace, graziola, fish grass, bloodsucker, fever, drislivets, centaury, blood-tree - this plant has many popular names. Odorless, extremely bitter in taste, nevertheless it is used both in folk and modern medicine in the treatment of various diseases. Despite the fact that it is a very poisonous plant.
Avran (Latin name Gratiola) is a wild, herbaceous, annual and perennial plant from a rather large family of Noricaceae. Although lately it has increasingly been attributed to another family - plantain, thanks to recent studies conducted by scientists at the junction of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Rhizome is a brown, horizontal, completely dotted with scaly leaves, creeping process. The stalk is articular, straight, glabrous, up to 60 cm in size. At the top - tetrahedral. Leaves sessile, lanceolate, opposite (located opposite each other) with three longitudinal veins, rarely glandular-dotted, serrate. Yellowish white, rarely reddish flowers, odorless, on long pedicels, with a yellowish corolla and pale pink limb of five petals. They are located in the leaf sinuses. The fruits are similar to elongated egg-shaped capsules with many small, brown-brown seeds. Flowering period - May, June. Fruits in July.
Places of growth
Widely distributed in North America, as well as in Eurasia. The plant loves moist soil, sands, grows along the banks of large rivers and swamps, flood meadows. But it also occurs in the forest zone: Ciscaucasia, Western Siberia.
Harvesting and growing
Since avran is a poisonous plant, it is necessary to proceed with its collection with caution. It is recommended to use rubber gloves and, of course, you need to make sure that you are collecting exactly the plant that is needed.
The best time to harvest grass is flowering time. Previously, there was a belief that it was necessary to collect avran at dawn, or at night (not in daylight), carefully cutting the upper part of the plant with a knife or sickle. In order for the avran to revive again at this place, you need to leave about 20% of the plants intact and keep the roots intact. But the collection of roots, which happens much less often, is done in the fall.
It is better to dry the collected grass outdoors, in the shade or in a well-ventilated, cool room at a temperature of up to 30 ° C. Stems with flowers, less often roots, are subject to drying. The shelf life of the obtained raw materials is 2 years.
Graciola cultivation requires a well-lit, sheltered from the wind. Ideal for this would be the riverbank or pond. Avran is propagated in two ways: by seeds and by the method of dividing the bush. Seeds are sown in spring on seedlings, and then planted in a permanent place. Best in moist, fertile soil. If you need to propagate Avran by dividing the bush, then you will only have to do this in the fall. To do this, carefully, so as not to damage the roots, divide the mother plant into several parts and plant it in the ground.
When collecting plants, it must be remembered that Avran officinalis is listed in the Red Books of different regions, including Russia, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia.
The green parts of the plant, which are located directly above the ground, contain toxic glycosides. These include: grazioside, graziolin, graziotoxin). It is graciotoxin that is responsible for the effect of avran on the heart. In different parts it contains flavonoids (apigenin, avroside and others), a few alkaloids (about 0.2%), betulinic and graciolinic acids, fatty oil, resins, bitterness and minerals. To date, it has become known that Avran is more toxic by the fact that it contains elatericide - cucurbacite glycoside, and not because it contains cardiac glycosides, as previously thought.
Animals on pastures bypass animals on fresh pasture, but care must be taken to ensure that the plant does not get into the hay, since even in dry form it retains its toxic properties and is capable of causing irreparable harm to the health of domestic animals.
Use in medicine
Avran has a pronounced laxative, diuretic, choleretic, emetic and anthelmintic effect. But I would like to note separately that preparations containing avran components in their composition have a beneficial effect on the heart: they slow the heart rate, tone the heart muscle, and eliminate arrhythmia. Digitalis (digitalis) also works in approximately the same way.
More recently, in modern medicine, the collection of N.M. Zdrenko, which included graziola. This collection was used as a tool in the treatment of diseases such as:
- bladder papillomatosis;
- anacid gastritis;
- stomach ulcer.
It is also used as an effective tool against malignant tumors. However, today the use of avran in homeopathy is effectively gaining momentum. Fresh grass, collected before flowering, is used to make homeopathic essences. So, for example, the homeopathic remedy Gratiola (Graziola) is prescribed mainly for liver disorders and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. It can be used less productively as an adjuvant in case of menstrual irregularities, increased irritability, as well as headaches and skin rashes.
A decoction from the roots of Avrana officinalis is used for constipation and lethargy of the intestine.
Infusions of grass are widely applicable for various mental illnesses, skin rashes. Graziola causes an aversion to smoking, so earlier often decoctions of this herb were used by smokers as one of the ways to quit a bad habit.
For the treatment of heart and liver diseases, with female diseases, as an obstetric aid, with dropsy, jaundice, fever, they also use water infusion or a decoction of herbs. Avran is very effective for women, as it normalizes the menstrual cycle.
Traditional medicine recipes
Infusions from Avran
With heart failure
Dilute a teaspoon without a hill of grass in 150 ml of boiling water, then let it brew and filter in an hour. Take 50 ml of the prepared infusion no more than 3 times a day. Often about 3 tablespoons of starch or marshmallow are added here to prevent the irritating effect of the decoction on the stomach and intestines.
Dilute a half teaspoon of dry grass in a glass of boiling water. Boil in a water bath for about 30 minutes, filter. Add boiling water to the previous volume. Take a teaspoon with a frequency of 20 minutes.
The infusion is prepared from equal parts of the leaves and roots of the plant. Dilute a teaspoon of the mixture in a glass of boiling water. Ready infusion should be taken in a tablespoon 3 times a day after meals.
2-7 g of avran roots add 360 ml of boiling water, then insist in a water bath for 10 minutes, filter. Take the finished infusion of 1 tablespoon after a meal.
Dilute a teaspoon of grass in a glass of boiling water. Let it brew. After an hour, filter. Take the finished infusion in a tablespoon with a frequency of 3 hours.
Ointments and powders
With bruises, it is used both in the composition of ointments, and in fresh form. To prepare the ointment, you need to mix the plant juice with a fat base in 1: 1 proportions. As a basis, you can use both solid fats (badger, bear, beef pork), and vegetable oils (sesame, olive, sunflower).
For the preparation of dressings, fresh crushed grass is used, which is then applied to bruises and bandaged. The dressing needs to be changed about 3-4 times a day.
Also, topically, Avran is used for skin itching and eczema.
Powder made from dry grass Avran take:
- as a laxative - 1.2 g each;
- with chronic venereal ulcers - 1 g.
Such a small weight is quite difficult to measure at home. Therefore, they often use a folk measure - "at the tip of a knife."
Use in cosmetology
You can also highlight the use of Avran for cosmetic purposes. It is mainly effective as a raw material for the production of masks used for problematic and oily skin. To prepare the mask, fresh grass (leaves) is used. They must be ground and mixed with kefir or water until a homogeneous mass is formed. The resulting mixture is evenly applied to the skin. Hold for 2-3 minutes, rinse thoroughly with the rest of the product, and rinse your face with warm water. After repeated use, the skin improves significantly, greasy shine and black spots disappear.
Graziola is very effective, but at the same time quite toxic! Large doses of this plant can cause bloody diarrhea and cramps. In case of poisoning, vomiting, nausea, impaired functioning of the kidneys, respiratory organs and cardiac activity are also possible.
It is necessary to take drugs with avran with great caution, since it has potent poisons in its composition.
In no case do not give it to children, and it is also not recommended to use it during pregnancy and feeding. The use of drugs is contraindicated in enterocolitis, colitis, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, gallstone disease, gastritis and renal failure.
It must be remembered that long-term treatment or a slight overdose of drugs containing avran in its composition can lead to complete immunity of the green part of the spectrum. Therefore, such drugs should not be taken by drivers of vehicles.
The use of Avran should always be carried out only under the strict supervision of your doctor.
In the case of poisoning with avran, it is worth stopping the use of drugs. The patient should immediately wash the stomach, as well as immediately take activated charcoal. If cardiac activity is disturbed, it is recommended to call an ambulance, as this can lead to collapse and respiratory arrest. There is no antidote against it.
Based on the foregoing, we can conclude that Avran, or grasiol in another way, is a poisonous medicinal plant that is practically not used in modern medical practice. But all kinds of infusions and ointments created on the basis of this herb are still widespread in folk medicine. Due to its decongestant and cleansing properties, Avrana grass is often used in cosmetology. Basically, to create masks that improve facial skin and contribute to the normalization of the sebaceous glands. You can also focus on the fact that at present, Avran, as an active component, is part of modern homeopathic remedies used for the symptomatic treatment of various diseases. But with all its positive qualities, it is necessary to note the fact that all parts of the plant contain dangerous, highly toxic substances. And the use of such drugs, especially in household use, is unsafe and should occur under the direct supervision of a doctor. Remember that a careless attitude to the drug can lead to unforeseen consequences. Take care of yourself and your health!